EcoTourismHub
Page: The Conservation Of Tigers

Ecotourism Hub
   Eco Means of Travel
   KLIA-Leading in Eco-Standards
   KLIA-Next Generation Hub
   KKIA domestic hub
   Benchmark for National Parks
   What Ecotourism should be
Ecotourism Destinations | Malaysia
   Borneo Island | Ecotourism
   Sabah
   Imbak Canyon Conservation
   Colonial-styled Passenger Train
   Rhino Saved in dramatic rescue
   Climb Mt Kinabalu
   Challenges of scaling Mt Kinabalu
   Been there, done that
   Mt Kinabalu Climbathon
   Sepilok Orang Utan Sanctuary
   Sandakan's Many Charm
   Coral Reef in Semporna
   Sipadan Island
   Dive Permit at Sipadan
   Scuba Diving
   Best Diving Spots
   Protecting Sipadan
   Mabul Island
   Semporna kidnap
   Pom Pom Island
   Rare Whale
   The Finest Forests
   Shark Fin Ban
   Casino stops serving Shark fin
   Airline joins Shark fin ban
   Kinabalu Park World Heritage
   Sarawak
   A Memorable Visit to Bako
   Semenggoh Wildlife Centre
   Birding Havens in Sarawak
   Segon Cave and Bung Brunggu
   Borneo Convention Centre
   Biodiversity | Sarawak
   155,000ha allowed
   Singer Dayang to Help Orang Utans
   Ancient Croc Effigies
   Potential Ecotourism Icon
   Peninsular Malaysia | Ecotourism
   Taman Negara
   Living off the forest’s bounty
   350kg Tapir
   Endau Rompin National Park
   Endau-Rompin Location Map
   Kenyir Lake
   Kenyir Lake Triathlon
   Kenyir Lake DFZ
   Rebirth of Kenyir Lake
   Frasers Hill
   Royal Belum
   Leaders In Destinations
   Rakan Royal Belum
   Save Temenggor
   Lessons in the Forest
   Cameron Highlands
   Looking for the Silk King
   New Route
   Sepetang Serenade
   Turtle Sanctuary Site in Kemaman
   Heritage Sites Malaysia
   Lenggong Valley
   George Town and Malacca Heritage Sites
   Kinabalu Park Heritage Site
   Mulu Cave Geopark
   Danum Valley
   Maliau Basin
   Bid for Unesco listing
   Valley of Heritage
   Ramsar sites | Malaysia
   Ramsar sites in Sarawak
   Events and Festivals Malaysia
   Most Searched Travel Spots 2011
   Indigenous Malaysian Tribes
   Indigenous Peninsular Malaysia
   Danawan Island home to Sea Gypsies
Costa Rica
   Retire Here, Not There: Costa Rica
   Costa Rica's Unspoiled Coast
Ecotourism News
   Open Zoo
   Rainforest Rock Festival
   Great Wall in Gopeng
   WTC2010
   Belaga braces for tourism boom
   Tourism drops
   Palazzo Park
   Permaculture
   Rainforest World Music Festival
   WEC2010
   Focus on eco-tourism
   Kuala Gandah Elephant Centre
   Ecotourism Spotlight Award
   Tourism News
   Art Tourism Hub
   Shopping Hub
   Art Tourism
Forest Reserve
   2010 Year of Biodiversity
   The Belum Forest Reserve
   Pulau Banding Rainforest Research Centre
   Matang Mangrove Forest Reserve
   Plant Mangrove Saplings in Port Dickson
   FRIM’s first research station
   FRIM declared heritage site
   FRIM PHOTO CONTEST
   Forest Reserve News
   South Peat Swamp Forest
   Forest Reserve to grow Oil Palm
   Save the Rain Forest
   Demystifying Forensic Forestry
   Forest Reserve in Pangkor
   Forest Research Centre - Sabah
   Forest reserve gazetted in Puchong
   Rape of Lenggong forest reserve
   Development project in Forest Reserve
   FruitPlast
   SAFE Project
   SEARRP
   Saving Temenggor
   Selangor Peat Swamp
   Vanishing wetlands
   Before it is Too Late
   Tree Cover-up
   Forests to Tree Farms
   Forest by the Coast
Green
   IGEM
   The Green Initiatives
   Ecologic Label
   Rebuilding the Green Concept
   Sabah Intensifies Green Effort
   Going Google can mean Going Green
   City of Kyoto from Car-Centric to Walking City
   Turning Consumers Green
   Penang mulling over No-car Zone
   3Rs among Malaysians
   Independent Power Producer
   Roof-top Secret Garden
   Bamboo
   Population and Food
   Never Drink From Plastic
Water
   Water Footprint
   Think water conservation
   Bakun Dam
   Turning to Eco-tourism
   Bengoh Dam
   Water Concern
   Beach
   Tap Water
   Water Worries 1
   Mini-hydro Plant
   Mekong River
   Mekong News
   Water Challenge
   Looming Water Crisis
Sustainable Food Source
   Eating Insects
   U.N. Urges Eating Insects
   Insects may be the answer
   Eat Insects
   Meat is Not Green
   Health Benefits of Eating Less Meat
   Vegetarian Athletes
   Catherine Johnson, Vegan Cyclist
   Vegan Athlete of the Year 2013
   Totally Vegetarian
   Veganism and the Environment
   Mongolia Nomads
   Antibiotics in Feed
   Butter is back
Wildlife Malaysia
   Carcasses of Tigers, Leopards from Malaysia
   Malayan Tiger
   Tiger spotted on road
   Save the Tiger
   Rare Photo
   Tracing Malaysia's Tigers
   A New Hope For Malayan Tigers
   The Conservation Of Tigers
   Why Tigers Matter
   Tiger Ambassador
   White Tiger Cubs
   Siberian tiger
   Natural Habitat for Tigers
   King of the Jungle
   Permits for Zoo
   Rainbow Toad
   Orang Utan
   Leave orang utan alone
   Orang Utans
   Save Orang Utans
   Orang Utan Island
   Orang Utan Reserve in the Klang Valley
   Fireflies
   Fireflies Sanctuary gazetted
   Firefly Festival Taiping
   Crocodile Farm
   Marine Ecosystem
   Semporna marine life
   Shark
   Shark Sanctuaries
   Drop in Shark Catch
   No to Shark Fin Soup
   Stop Selling Shark Fin
   Dolphins in Port Klang
   Golden Arowana
   Symbol of Prosperity
   The Unsung Heroes
   Bees
   Save Bees From Extinction
   When Bee Stop Making Honey
   Honeybees need Help
   Help our Disappearing Bees
   Bringing back Honeybees
   Ladybird
   Dung Beetle
   Ants
   Earthworms
   Frog
   Hornbill
   Elephant
   Wild elephant
   Uneasy feeling
   Sea Anemone
   Dolphin
   Human-wildlife Conflict
   Perhilitan sets Trap for Panther
   Wildlife Act
   Illegal Wildlife Traders
   Rafflesia and Conservation Efforts
   new Rafflesia species found
   Cengal Besar
   Migratory Birds
Climate Change
   New directions for the UN
   Canada withdrawing from Kyoto
   Haze

09 September, 2010

Mainstreaming The Conservation Of Tigers

By Ummi Nadiah Rosli

(This is the last of the three series article on tigers in conjunction with Malaysia's 53rd Independence Day)

Fifty three years after independence, more than 80 percent of Malaysia's apex predator, the tiger, has been decimated.

With less than 500 Malayan tigers in the wild, we might lose our tigers to extinction in our lifetime unless more Malaysians join the fight to save them.

To address the dire plight of the tigers, the Malaysian Conservation Alliance for Tigers (MYCAT) was created in 2003.

United by a common vision of a Malaysia where wild tigers thrive in the 22nd Century and beyond, MYCAT is a joint programme of the Malaysian Nature Society (MNS), TRAFFIC Southeast Asia (TRAFFIC), Wildlife Conservation Society and WWF-Malaysia, and supported by the Department of Wildlife and National Parks (Perhilitan).

Since its inception, MYCAT continues to provide a platform for the communication, collaboration and resource consolidation on tiger conservation issues, roping in the involvement of the nation's highest leadership to local communities to ensure the survival of tigers.

NATIONAL TIGER CONSERVATION ACTION PLAN FOR MALAYSIA

One of the most encouraging outcomes for our tigers recently was the National Tiger Conservation Action Plan (NTCAP), a strategy in mainstreaming the conservation of tigers in Malaysia.

NTCAP was initiated by Perhilitan through the support from MYCAT, the Forestry Department and other relevant government agencies, and further developed in line with existing development plans and policies.

According to Dr. Sivananthan T. Elagupillay, Director of Eco-Tourism Division for Perhilitan, the adoption of the NTCAP in the 10th Malaysia Plan is a major commitment by the Federal Government to strengthen the conservation of the Malayan tiger in Peninsula.

"The aim of this comprehensive action plan is to increase by up to 1,000 tigers by the year 2020 from the present tiger population estimated at 500 in the wild covering a complex landscape that extends from the north to south of Peninsula and covering almost 35 percent of the land area."

In November 2009, NTCAP was adopted officially by the highest ranks of the government at the National Biodiversity-Biotechnology Council (NBBC), chaired by the Deputy Prime Minister Tan Sri Muhyiddin Yassin.

"The NTCAP recommends the implementation of some 80 actions that range over four broad categories".

The first being protection of core tiger habitat complexes that include Belum State Park in the north, Taman Negara National Park in the central region and the Endau Rompin National Park in the south of Peninsula.

The second series of action is the protection of tiger and prey species.

Third is to enhance the sustainable development within tiger landscapes which also includes the implementation of a land use plan under the Central Forest Spine (CFS) Master Plan through the creation of wildlife corridors and linkages. The objective is to link fragmented forest complexes between Protected Areas and surrounding Forest Reserves by incorporating smart green infrastructure initiatives.

The final series of actions are related to strengthening of scientific and public knowledge through research and awareness programmes.

PROTECTION OF TIGER AND PREY SPECIES

To combat the poaching and other crimes against wildlife, several efforts have been undertaken by Perhilitan and MYCAT partners.

In the Belum-Temenggor priority area, the country's first joint enforcement task force was established where various agencies have come together to show their commitment.

In Perak, police, army and WWF's Wildlife Protection Unit (WPU) have been conducting anti-poaching patrols in the Royal Belum State Park and along the 100km-long East-West highway, which provides easy access points to poachers. Gerik, located near the border of Thailand is a hotspot for illegal wildlife trading.

Under their watchful eyes, 102 snares have been removed and 10 poachers/traders have been arrested since January 2009.

Authorities have also been vigilant on illegal activities along the Taman Negara park border. Taman Negara enforcement officers managed to arrest poachers, and 600 snares were found in a single raid at the area last year.

As for prey species protection, the Perhilitan has initiated a moratorium throughout Peninsula to stop the hunting of Sambar Deer and Barking Deer since 2009.

To further support Perhilitan enforcement actions, MYCAT set up the Wildlife Crime Hotline in 2007. The hotline received more than 300 reports between 2008 and 2009, and Perhilitan successfully acted on 37 of the reports with timely relevant information.

SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT WITHIN TIGER LANDSCAPES

Also, poorly planned agricultural developments, as well as rapid deforestation throughout the country are significant contributors to the loss of tiger habitats.

WWF-Malaysia Species Communications Officer, Sara Sukor explained that human-tiger conflict, where persecution of tigers by villagers was caused by the opening of plantations next to a forest. At most instances, tigers avoid people, and will only attack if they are provoked, injured or starved.

"WWF started its first project site for human-tiger conflict mitigation in Jerangau, from 1998 to 2002. At the time, 50 cattles were killed by tigers in a single year.

We taught the villagers how to keep their plantations clear of shrubs, and to build paddocks for the cattle and not to let their cattle roam at the forest fringes. After the project started, cattle predation was reduced to 2 per year."

Additionally, WWF assisted villagers of Kampung Lubok Bongor in Jeli, Kelantan, to form a community-based WPU in 2008 to reduce human wildlife-conflict incidences in the area. Such patrols are hoped to reduce instances where villagers take matters in their own hands, and to call Perhilitan instead.

The Perhilitan is also actively involved with the assistance of the Federal Government of Malaysia and the Terengganu State Government in using smart green infrastructure to link fragmented tiger habitats north of Taman Negara National Park as envisaged under the NTCAP and the CFS.

AWARENESS AND GETTING PEOPLE TO ACT

From places of worships to marketplaces, and poaching and trading hotspots, outreach programmes, a main staple of Perhilitan's and MYCAT partners' seems to work.

Near the border's smuggling hotspots in Tumpat, Kelantan, programmes were carried out at the village Buddhist temples and included the participation of the local monks.

For predominantly Muslim communities, WWF held a workshop for religious leaders and teachers in Jeli, Kelantan. They drafted Friday prayer sermons to talk about poaching and illegal trade, using examples from the Quran.

Co-organised with the Kelantan Council of Religion and Malay Custom and the Institute of Islamic Understanding Malaysia, the sermons aim to influence human attitudes towards poaching and human-wildlife conflict.

Outreach programmes are also carried out to change the mindset of local communities on the hunting of animals such as Sambar deer and barking deer - an activity which is deeply rooted in their culture.

The challenge is also to educate urban communities.

RACE AGAINST TIME

The Perhilitan through NRE and with the strong support from stakeholders looks forward to strengthen the implementation of the NTCAP under the 10th Malaysian Plan which would cover from 2011 to 2015.

But the stakes are high, as every second is ticking time bomb for the survival of Malayan tigers.

"I believe that Malaysians are divided into 3 categories when it comes to voicing out for tiger conservation. The first group are biologists who see conserving the tiger as a way to conserve our entire ecosystem. The second category is comprised of those who view the tiger as culturally significant, an icon to be proud of. The third category belongs to those who have spiritual and religious beliefs on protecting the tigers, and are concerned about the welfare of animals and plants. I would like to believe whole-heartedly that every Malaysian falls into at least one of these categories," Sara said.

A glimmer of hope is expected at this month's Global Tiger Summit in Russia. Heads of Government from host tiger countries will meet to decide what can be done to give the remaining tigers in the wild, including the Malayan tigers, their last chance for survival.

After all, would we want to be responsible for removing the tiger in the wild and still keep our emblem?

-- BERNAMA --


Ecotourism Hub
Ecotourism Destinations | Malaysia
Ecotourism News
Green
Wildlife Malaysia
Glossary Ecotourism
Contact Ecotourismhub.com